European tourist countries ~ the ugly truth

European tourist countries ~ the ugly truth

The best known European tourist countries are also those with the most important animal cruelty


Recurrent Childhood Animal Cruelty Is There a Relationship to Adult Recurrent Interpersonal Violence?

Recomendo que os pais que permitem e que incentivam, crianças a entrar para o Bárbaro mundo da Tauromaquia, que leiam com máxima atenção este artigo e que depois de o lerem, leiam também os PDF/s, que estão na página que contem este muito importante artigo!


Recommend that parents who allow and which encourage children to join the Barbaric world of bullfighting, who read with attention this article and that after the read, read also the PDF/s, that are on the page containing this very important article!

Christopher Hensley1,
Suzanne E. Tallichet2 and
Erik L. Dutkiewicz3

Recent studies have begun to establish an association between childhood acts of animal cruelty and later violence against humans. Even so, research has failed to establish a strong correlation between the two, perhaps because previous studies have failed to examine the commission of violence against animals and humans in terms of their frequencies. In a replication of Tallichet and Hensley (2004) and based on survey data from 180 inmates at a medium- and maximum-security prison in a Southern state, the present study examines the relationship between the demographic characteristics of race, level of education, the residential location of an offender’s formative years, and recurrent acts of childhood cruelty and their impact on later repeated acts of interpersonal violence. Only repeated acts of animal cruelty during childhood was predictive of later recurrent acts of violence toward humans, showing a possible relationship between the two.


Childhood Bestiality A Potential Precursor to Adult Interpersonal Violence

Christopher Hensley
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Suzanne E. Tallichet
Morehead State University, KY

Erik L. Dutkiewicz
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Although bestiality is an infrequent form of animal cruelty, the possibility of identifying a potential link between these acts and later interpersonal violence is an area of research that deserves further exploration. In a replication of the Hensley, Tallichet, and Singer study and based on survey data from male inmates at a medium- and maximum-security prison in a southern state, the present investigation examines whether inmates who engaged in childhood bestiality (n = 23) differ from those who did not (n = 157) in terms of race, childhood residence, education, commission of a personal crime (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated/simple assault), and the number of personal crimes committed. The results revealed that respondents who had engaged in childhood bestiality were more likely to commit adult interpersonal crimes on two or more occasions as compared to those who had not engaged in bestiality. These findings lend further support to the sexually polymorphous theory that childhood bestiality may be a potential precursor to adult interpersonal violence.


Is Animal Cruelty a “Red Flag” for Family Violence? Investigating Co-Occurring Violence Toward Children, Partners, and Pets

Sarah DeGue

John Jay College of Criminal Justice

David DiLillo

University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Cross-reporting legislation, which permits child and animal welfare investigators to refer families with substantiated child maltreatment or animal cruelty for investigation by parallel agencies, has recently been adopted in several U.S. jurisdictions. The current study sheds light on the underlying assumption of these policies—that animal cruelty and family violence commonly co-occur. Exposure to family violence and animal cruelty is retrospectively assessed using a sample of 860 college students. Results suggest that animal abuse may be a red flag indicative of family violence in the home. Specifically, about 60% of participants who have witnessed or perpetrated animal cruelty as a child also report experiences with child maltreatment or domestic violence. Differential patterns of association were revealed between childhood victimization experiences and the type of animal cruelty exposure reported. This study extends current knowledge of the links between animal- and human-directed violence and provides initial support for the premise of cross-reporting legislation.